Updated On May 18, 2020

How To Tile A Bathroom Floor

Tiles have become an essential part of home decorations. They are thin slate polygonal materials made mostly from ceramics and glass.

Tiles have been in existence since the BC era. During the time, they were known as colored bricks, which were used in the decoration of temples and palaces in the Middle East. Since then, they have evolved into a thinner, stylish, decorative form and are now the epitome of interior decoration.

Tiles are versatile decorators. They can fit in almost any part of a house, creating a beautiful presentation. Thus, tile fittings include:

  • Outdoor floors
  • Living room floors
  • Gate walls
  • Dining kitchen walls
  • Bathroom floors and walls

The most common place where tiles are fitted on the living room floors. Nowadays, it’s very hard to find a house without tiles on their floors. Most people prefer them because they are not only stylish but also easy to clean.

Apart from the living room, the second most common place that has tiles in the bathroom. Bathrooms need maximum tidiness. This is because multiple people use them daily. Furthermore, there is a guest wanting to use your bathroom factor. Thus, ceramic tiles keep your bathroom looking clean, shiny, and sparkling, creating a picture of tidiness.

How to fit tiles in your bathroom floor

Tiling a bathroom floor is easy. You can even do it yourself if your bathroom is small. All you need is tiles, cement, a level, and you’re all set.

Now let’s look at the process involved in fitting tiles on a bathroom floor

1 Determine the floor dimensions

Before you purchase tiles for your bathroom floor, you’ll need to determine the dimensions of your bathroom floor first. This is necessary because you’ll want to know the number of tiles that your bathroom floor requires.

Also, it’s important to know your bathroom floor’s dimension in order to determine your bathroom layout. Tiles have different sizes and shapes. Some can be big and hexagonal, rectangular, diamond-shaped while others can be as small as a cell phone. Thus, determining the dimensions of your bathroom floor helps you in the selection of right-sized tiles that will create your desired bathroom floor layout.

2.  Select the tile layout

Now, before purchasing your tiles you’ll need to determine the style of your bathroom floor tiling. This step usually requires samples from different bathroom floor layouts. The samples can be obtained in:

  • Interior design magazines
  • The internet
  • Ceramic and tile floor trader shops

3. Purchasing the tiles

This is actually the fun part because you get to choose your preferred tiles that will customize your bathroom layout. In this step, it’s highly advised that you do it with a plumbing hardware specialist. This is because he or she will able to determine the:

  • Bathroom floor layout design
  • The number of tiles needed to be fitted on your bathroom floor
  • The appropriate tile size that can fit on your bathroom floor

All of these will require the bathroom floor’s dimension first.

4. Create a cement board for your bathroom floor

Tiles need cement so as they may stick on the floor. Thus, it’s important you create a cement board for your bathroom before fitting tiles.

Note that, bathrooms floors are usually wet most of the time. And so, installing plywood in a bathroom would be a bad idea as it tends to expand when wet. That’s why cement boards are preferable in bathroom floors since they don’t expand on moist conditions.

5. Start fitting your tiles down the bathroom floor

Here is where the tiling begins. Now, the process requires some engineering skills and tools (This is because the placement of tiles needs accuracy and precision) The fitting of tile process is subdivided into three main activities which are

  • Mortaring
  • Tile placement
  • Leveling

Now, these activities go hand in hand together simultaneously. The first activity before tile placement is mortaring. Mortaring involves placing mortar on top of your cement board before tile placement. Mortar is used to connect your tiles with the cement boards and thus it’s known as the glue for tiles.

The second activity is the tile placement. The tile placement will follow the layout design that you chose since it’s the one responsible for the tile configuration setup (blueprint of the tile formation in the bathroom floor)

The third and final activity is tile leveling. In this activity, you’ll need a level. The level’s purpose is to press the tiles to stick with the mortar on the floor. After finishing, leave the leveled mortar to dry off on the tiles so as it may stick (leave it for a whole day)

Afterward, remove the spacers in between the tiles and fill in the spaces with a sealer like grout. The grout will be used to attach the open spaces between the tiles after removing the spacers.

Thus, the three activities will loop continuously until you finish fitting the entire tile on the bathroom floor. Note that before doing these three activities, you must first establish a mark on where you’ll begin your tile placement. This will help create the right structural layout of your tile design when fitting the tiles.

Tools and materials used in tile fitting on bathroom floors

To fit tiles in your bathroom you’ll need the following the tools and materials

  • Cement – This is used to create the mortar and it sometimes acts as a sealer
  • Tape measure – This is used to take measurement of the dimensions of the bathroom floor
  • Hammer drill – This used in piercing the top layer of the bathroom floor
  • A rubber flout – This is used for grouting and sealing
  • Ceramic tile cutter – This is used for cutting tiles to make them fit in small spaces
  • A level – This is used to level the tiles and mortar on the bathroom floor
  • Safety gear – These include gloves, goggles, boots, etc.
  • A hammer – This is used in hammering and breaking.


Although tile fitting can be a DIY job, it’s best when it’s done with professionals. The professionals have a lot of experience in fitting tiles unlike you, making it difficult for them to screw up. Therefore, it’s better you hire professionals to do your bathroom floor tile fitting to avoid incurring unnecessary costs from screwing up by DIY.

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